The Historical Source Of Coffee
Ancient Arabs first coffee beans dried boiled, the juice as a stomach to drink, that helps to digest. And later found that coffee also refreshing the role of the same time because the Islamic regulations are forbidden to drink, so the use of coffee instead of alcohol, as a refreshing drink and often drink. After the fifteenth century, the pilgrimage to the Holy Land of Mecca Muslims gradually brought the coffee back to the place of residence, so that coffee gradually spread to Egypt, Syria, Iran and Turkey and other countries. Coffee into the mainland due to Turkey's Ottoman Empire, due to drinking coffee, Ottoman army west of the land and stationed in the local for several years, in the army finally evacuated, leaving a large number of beans, including beans The people of Vienna and Paris were able to develop the European coffee culture with these coffee beans and the cooking experience from the Turks. The war was originally captured and destroyed, but unexpectedly brought cultural exchanges and even integration, but the rulers were unexpected.
By the 16th century, early businessmen had sold coffee in Europe, making coffee as a new Type drinks into the Western customs and life. Most of the coffee exported to the European market comes from Port Alexandria and Smyrna, but with the growing demand for the market, the high tariffs imposed on import and export ports, The enhancement of knowledge in the field of coffee tree cultivation has led dealers and scientists to experiment with transplanting coffee to other countries. The Dutch were in their overseas colonies (Batavia and Java, the old capital of Jakarta, Indonesia), the French in 1723 in Martinique (located in Latin America) , And later in the Antilles (the West Indies) transliteration of the coffee tree; later the British, the Spaniards and the Portuguese began to encroach on the Asian and American tropical coffee growing area.
Although coffee was born in Africa, but the cultivation and family consumption is relatively modern introduction. In fact, it is the Europeans who let the coffee return to the land and introduce them into their colonies, where the coffee is thriving and thriving due to favorable land and climatic conditions.